Consumers in Nepal have raised their expectations for inflation to new highs.


According to a study released on Sunday by Nepal’s central bank, Nepali consumers raised their short- and medium-term inflation predictions in the first quarter of 2021-22 as a result of rising pricing pressures in the country.




According to the Inflation Expectation Survey, the vast majority of individuals anticipate that the average price of goods and services will rise by a whopping 11.3 percent over the next year.

According to the Inflation Expectation Survey, consumers are more likely than the public to anticipate future inflation to be higher than government estimates of current inflation. Field interviews were performed from October 3 to October 8 among respondents from ten market sectors in seven cities, with the survey taking place from October 3 to October 8. Based on replies from 510 residents, the findings have been published.

A significant influence in determining inflation, according to the International Monetary Fund, is also played by expectations. If people or businesses foresee greater prices in the future, they factor these expectations into salary negotiations and contractual price rises (such as automatic rent increases).

87.1 percent of those who responded predicted that the level of prices would rise within the following three months.

In the medium term, 96.3 percent of those who answered the survey predicted the level of prices to rise during the next year.

Only 1.4 percent of those who answered the survey believe that the level of prices will decline.


However, although 12.5 percent of respondents anticipate food costs to rise a faster rate than the current rate, only 3.3 percent of respondents anticipate non-food prices to rise at a faster rate than the present rate

Approximately 79.1 percent of those who answered the survey expect housing and real estate prices to rise.

Perceptions of inflation for the current period have stayed at 9.4 percent on average and 8 percent on average, according to the Nepal Rastra Bank.

Inflation estimates for the next three months remained at 9.6 percent on average and 8 percent on average, according to the latest data.

Ten percent is the mean and nine percent is the median inflation estimates for the year ahead, according to the most recent data.

For respondents from Birgunj, the average inflation expectation for the next three months is 12.5 percent, while the average inflation expectation for respondents from Nepalgunj is 5.9 percent.

According to the survey, respondents from Birgunj have an average inflation expectation of 13.4 percent for the next year, while respondents from Nepalgunj have an average inflation expectation of 5.9 percent for the next year.


The inflation rate of an item in the consumer price index that is in the middle of the price changes is known as the median inflation rate.

Inflation expectation is also one of the most markers of future inflation, however it has not been observed in Nepal so far.

In January, the Nepal Rastra Bank began conducting an inflation expectations poll.

According to the paper, factors such as economic growth, inflation in India, exchange rates, oil prices, and credit flows have an impact on inflation in Nepal.

The increase in the price of fuel has contributed to an increase in the inflation rate in Nepal. According to economists, external forces have also had an impact on Nepalese pricing levels.

Petrol is creeping closer to the Rs140 per litre price that set a new record in 2014. Since January, the oil supplier Nepal Oil Corporation has increased or decreased fuel prices 14 times. To date, the price of petrol has reached Rs136 per litre, while the price of diesel and kerosene has fallen to Rs119 per litre, respectively. The price of gas has increased to Rs1,575 per cylinder, a significant increase.

The cost of freight and passenger fares in public transportation have both increased by 28 percent as a result.


People are suffering as a result of the increase in transport prices and cargo taxes. Shipping expenses are a significant component of food prices in developing nations such as Nepal.

Until shipping supply disruptions are resolved, and port limitations and terminal inefficiencies are addressed, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development has warned that global consumer prices will rise dramatically in the year ahead.

According to the findings of the study, if the current jump in container freight rates continues, it has the potential to raise global import prices by 11 percent and consumer prices by 1.5 percent between now and 2023.

Consumption price inflation increased by 4.24 percent year on year in the first three months of fiscal year 2021-22, according to the central bank. This compares to 3.79 percent in the same period last year. Non-food and service inflation was 4.72 percent in the month under review, compared to 3.63 percent for food and beverage inflation in the same period.

On a year-on-year basis, the price of ghee and oil increased by 31.68 percent, the price of meat and fish increased by 11.93 percent, the price of pulses and legumes increased by 10.71 percent, and the prices of tobacco products and non-alcoholic beverages increased by 10.12 percent and 9.63 percent, respectively.

According to economist Keshav Acharya, inflation is ramping up at an alarming rate and has reached unprecedented levels. “Inflation has been lower in our country than in India for the past two-three years, but it has recently to narrow.” Despite the fact that our inflation is still lower than India’s, the gap has narrowed,” he explained.

He believes that the country’s declining foreign exchange reserves are placing pressure on the country’s balance of payments, current account, and trade balance, which is not a positive development.


The increase in imports, the negative growth in remittances, and the government’s failure to make capital budget expenditures are all factors contributing to increased strain on bank liquidity.

In his words, “we are already in a high-cost economy, and if liquidity limitations are not addressed quickly, the cost will rise even further.”

According to Acharya, the cost of production will rise as a result of the increase in interest rates, which will reduce the competitiveness of domestic products on the international market. “Liquidity limits will cause distortion,” says the author.

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