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    Nepal Breaking NewsGeneral NewsInternational organizations have urged Nepal to implement the peace agreement.

    International organizations have urged Nepal to implement the peace agreement.

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    Four prominent international human rights organizations have urged the government to act swiftly to ensure justice for victims of crimes against humanity under international law, the country prepares to mark the 15th anniversary of the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement on Wednesday, according to the groups.

    Amnesty International, the International Commission of Jurists, Human Rights Watch, and TRIAL International issued a joint statement today stating that Nepal had made no progress on this issue since the previous year. In order to ensure a legitimate transitional justice process, the human rights watchdog has called on the government to put the ‘needs of victims’ at the forefront of its planning and to establish a clear schedule for having meaningful consultations and complying with its legal commitments’.

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    The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed on November 21, 2006, brought an end to a decade-long armed struggle in the country. The agreement was made between the then rebel Maoists and the then Seven Party Alliance. a result of the agreement, numerous subsequent administrations vowed to bring truth, justice, and reparations to the victims of the conflict. However, victims of the conflict have continued to be denied justice. In addition, the administration has failed to update the transitional justice statute in order to prevent amnesty for severe crimes, as ordered by the Court in 2015.

    Later in May 2020, the government was unsuccessful in its appeal of the Court’s decision. However, the verdict has so far gone unheeded.

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    a result, the two transitional justice commissions have ceased to function, and successive governments have exploited their theoretical existence as a pretext to prevent cases from being heard in ordinary courts, according to the press release.

    “Nepali authorities’ failure to satisfy their responsibilities to investigate and prosecute grave crimes has deepened the suffering of victims, damaged the rule of law, and increased the risk of future abuses,” said Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia director at Human Rights Watch, in a press release. “ long as justice is denied in Nepal, anyone claimed to be responsible for international crimes committed during the conflict would be vulnerable to prosecution abroad under the principle of universal jurisdiction,” she continued.

    In 2015, nine years after the signing of the CPA, the government established a Truth and Reconciliation Commission well as a Commission of Investigation on Enforced Disappeared Persons to investigate cases involving conflict-era disappeared individuals. The two commissions have received more than 60,000 complaints, but have not finished any investigations as of this writing. Over 2,500 persons are still missing, their whereabouts and circumstances unclear. They are believed to have been victims of enforced “disappearance.”

    According to Mandira Sharma, senior international legal adviser at the International Criminal Court, “Nepal’s transitional justice commissions have achieved nothing in six years and effectively serve primarily to obstruct progress on accountability.” In the eyes of victims, these commissions have lost their credibility.

    Meanwhile, victims’ organizations have made their positions plain on numerous occasions, most recently in a joint letter to Secretary-General Antรณnio Guterres on September 30, 2021. They called for the amendment of the Transitional Justice Act following extensive consultations; the development of a comprehensive roadmap with a timeline for consultations and the amendment of the law; and the provision of technical assistance by the “international community, including the United Nations,” in order to ensure the impartiality and independence of any new transitional justice body established following the amendment of the law. The director of Amnesty International Nepal, Nirajan Thapaliya, said that the international community should “press the government to fulfill its legal obligations well as its commitments to justice and accountability,” and that the organization should be prepared to support a credible justice process in the country.

    According to a news statement from the right organizations, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights has published guidelines on Nepal’s international legal obligations in respect to justice and accountability, which should serve a model for future action.


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